Emotional intelligence has four main components which can be plotted on a table:
✓ Self-awareness - the focus is on how well you know yourself, including your values, strengths, and weaknesses, compared to how others see you. It’s a basis for good intuition and decision-making.
✓Self-control - this is about managing emotions and actions in productive and healthy ways.
✓Awareness of others - this involves extending empathy, getting to know others’ emotions and needs along with their skills, preferences, and other aspects of diversity.
✓Building relationships - this is about how we use our awareness of others to maximize their potential and our relationship.
The video below shows psychologist, lecturer, and science journalist Dr. Daniel Goleman introducing the concept of Emotional Intelligence between 0:08 and 1:10: