Accountability begins with a clear definition of what a leader expects people to deliver. It's impossible to hold people accountable for performance if you haven't told them what you call for.
Once expectations have been clearly expressed, you need to drive your team's behavior. Incentives are a compelling way to do so. There can be incentives, such as bonuses or promotions, for people who over-deliver on their accountabilities. That's motivating!
Besides money, employees could be granted a training course to help them learn or improve skills that will boost their careers. Awarding employees with visibility is an incentive, too. Introducing them to senior managers might mean the world to them, especially if they aim for a promotion.
Punishment or disincentives when people fail to live up to their accountabilities, while not amusing, can be an effective method for changing behavior if the expected results aren't achieved by using positive reinforcement.
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