#2 Any time more processing work than required by the customer is done, it is over-processing waste in action.
Processing to customers' needs is an added value, whereas customers won't pay more for unnecessary work.
Think about it:
✦ How many of the processes currently in place add value to customers? Which one could be let go?
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Reference: Lean QuickStart Guide: The Simplified Beginner's Guide To Lean (QuickStart Guides™ - Business) by Benjamin Sweeney. ClydeBank Media LLC, 2015.